Category: Drug Crimes

Drug Crimes | No Cuffs

California Methamphetamine Charges

California Methamphetamine Charges

California drug charges for methamphetamines are extremely strict. So if you’re caught using, possessing, selling or manufacturing meth you face harsh repercussions according to the California drug laws. Fortunately, it’s possible to aggressively fight a California meth charge. Skilled California defense attorneys from The Kavinoky Law Firm are ready to review your case and begin developing a strong defense strategy to fight your California drug charge.

Methamphetamine is a schedule II drug under California Health & Safety Code section 11055 (d) (2)). Some offenses can be charged as either misdemeanors or felonies. California drug laws have a complex sentencing structure when it comes to felonies that allows for a lower term, a middle term and an upper term. The sentence is determined by the facts of the case and aggravating and mitigating factors — issues that would prompt the court to treat you more harshly or more leniently.

One or more of the following meth charges can be brought in a California methamphetamine case:

Section number Charge Sentence (in months or years) 11377 Possession of methamphetamine Misdemeanor or 16-2-3 11378 Possession for sale 16-2-3 11379 Sale (transport, import, furnish, administer, give away or offers) 2-3-4 11379.6 Manufacturing 3-5-7 plus $50,000 11382 Agrees to sell then sells another substance in lieu Misdemeanor or 16-2-3 of 11383 a,c Possession of precursor chemicals with intent to manufacture 2-4-6 11366.8a Possess or use false compartment in vehicle to store or transport Misdemeanor or 16-2-3 11366.8b Design or construct false compartment in vehicle to store or transport 16-2-3 11401 Analog of methamphetamine (controlled substance) (i.e. substantially similar chemical structure or effect) PC 182 a1 Conspiracy to do any of the above (substantive charge) 11532 Loitering in a public place with intent to commit a narcotics offense Misdemeanor PC 1170.74 Meth in crystalline form is an aggravating sentencing factor

In addition to the methamphetamine charges listed above, there are a number of sentencing enhancements that can be added in a California methamphetamine case that can greatly increase the potential punishment. The possible sentencing enhancements in a California meth case include weight enhancements, prior convictions, firearms, certain locations and minors. This is where the defense attorneys from the Kavinoky Law Firm can help fight your meth charge.

Heroin

Heroin Offense

Heroin is a Schedule I drug under California Health and Safety Code section 11054 (c) (11)), and is illegal to possess, sell, possess for sale, etc. Violations of these laws are charged as felonies and a conviction can result in significant prison time.

If you’ve been charged with a California heroin offense, you need a qualified drug lawyer fighting for your rights and freedom. An experienced California drug lawyer from The Kavinoky Law Firm is skilled in every aspect of fighting heroin charges.

In addition to the underlying drug charges that can be brought in a California heroin case, there are a number of sentencing enhancements that can add years to your prison sentence if proven. The sentencing enhancements that can be added to a California heroin case include weight enhancements, prior convictions, guns and firearms enhancements, locations and minors.

California heroin charges bring extremely harsh consequences, but a skilled drug defense lawyer has strategies to fight these allegations. One potentially powerful tool in a drug defense attorney’s arsenal is a motion to suppress evidence. If investigators violated your rights when gathering evidence against you in your heroin case, the evidence may be suppressed.

You may be eligible for alternative sentencing that could allow you to avoid all or part of a prison sentence in your California heroin case. Possible forms of alternative sentencing in California drug cases include Proposition 36, deferred entry of judgment (DEJ) and drug court.

A California heroin charge carries consequences that can negatively impact your entire life, so it’s imperative to mount an aggressive defense. A knowledgeable California drug defense lawyer from The Kavinoky Law Firm is highly experienced in fighting heroin charges and will do everything possible to safeguard you from the harsh repercussions.

To learn more about strong defenses to California heroin charges, please contact a skilled California drug attorney from The Kavinoky Law Firm today at 1.800.NO.CUFFS for a free consultation.

Transporting and giving away marijuana

Transporting or giving away marijuana or attempting or offering to do either in California is a felony, punishable by two, three or four years in prison, heavy fines and a variety of additional penalties. However, if the charged offense involved less than 28.5 grams or one ounce of marijuana (other than concentrated cannabis), the offense would be charged as a misdemeanor, punishable by a maximum $100 fine. Because the consequences of this charge can be severe, it is critical that an individual accused of one of these crimes immediately contacts a skilled criminal attorney who specializes in California drug crime defense.

Although there is a general law that prohibits transporting, selling, furnishing, administering or giving away marijuana and/or attempting or offering to do any of these activities, the offenses are broken down into three categories: transporting and giving away marijuana are grouped together (along with their attempts and offers), selling, furnishing and administering marijuana are grouped together (along with their attempts and offers as well) and all of the above (including attempting or offering to do any of the above) are grouped together if the marijuana in question weighs no more than one ounce and isn’t concentrated cannabis.

An individual may be convicted of transporting (that is, knowingly transferring marijuana from one place to another, whether by foot, in a car or by some other means of transportation) or giving away marijuana or of offering or attempting to transport or give away marijuana if he or she did so with more than 28.5 grams of marijuana, had knowledge of the presence of the drug and of its narcotic character and, if the crime alleged involved an offer or attempt, that the accused had the specific intent to give away or transport the marijuana. If found guilty, the accused faces two, three or four years in prison and will be ineligible for probation if he or she has a prior felony conviction for drug related offenses that include most opiates or opium derivatives, certain depressants, cocaine base, marijuana, mescaline, peyote, tetrahydrocannabinols or any drugs listed in schedules III, IV or V of the Controlled Substances Act.

Being charged with transporting or “giving away” marijuana raises two additional issues that are related to one another – included offenses and sentencing options. With respect to the first issue, the prosecution may allege that because the accused transported or gave away the drug, he or she necessarily “possessed” the drug and may charge the defendant with the crime of personal possession of marijuana or with possession of marijuana for sale in addition to the transporting or “giving away” charge. However, an experienced criminal defense lawyer who regularly practices this area of the law knows that these crimes are not necessarily included offenses (especially in a situation where one is offering to transport or give away the drug at a later time) and that similarly, where the only possession alleged is necessarily incidental to the drug’s transport or to the act of giving it away, separate convictions for this offense and possession are invalid.

If the court determines that the accused may be charged with a transporting or “giving away” charge and an additional charge involving marijuana, sentencing becomes an issue. If both counts were part of an “indivisible course of criminal conduct,” then the accused could only legally be sentenced to one of the charges. A seasoned lawyer knows the most compelling arguments to convince a judge that any related activities were, indeed, part of the same transaction, thereby avoiding separate sentences.

The unsurpassed attorneys at The Kavinoky Law Firm understand all of these issues and the most effective ways to address them. They also know that an individual convicted of a transportation charge may be eligible for drug treatment in lieu of incarceration if it can be proven that the marijuana was for personal use and not for sale. For the most trusted legal advice and outstanding representation, contact them today for a free consultation.

Powder Cocaine Offense

Powder Cocaine Offense

Cocaine, whether it’s in powder, base or crack form, is illegal to possess, sell, and transport in California. Violating those laws can result in state or federal charges. Powder cocaine is a Schedule II drug under California Health & Safety Code 11055 (b) (6)).

If you’re facing a California cocaine charge, it’s important to have knowledgeable California defense attorneys at your side. An experienced drug defense lawyer from The Kavinoky Law Firm has the skills needed to aggressively fight any powder cocaine charge.

There are a number of charges that can be brought in a California cocaine case, including possession, possession for sale, sale, manufacturing, and being under the influence. With the exception of under the influence, each of these is a felony that carries significant prison time if you’re convicted.

In addition to the charges listed above, there are numerous sentencing enhancements that can be brought in a California cocaine case. These include enhancements for weight, prior convictions, firearms, locations and minors. These sentencing enhancements can add years to your punishment in a cocaine case. You can’t be punished for a sentencing enhancement unless the prosecutor proves both the underlying drug charge and the enhancement beyond a reasonable doubt.

Fortunately, it’s possible to aggressively fight a California cocaine charge. Skilled California defense attorneys can thoroughly analyze your case and determine the most effective strategy to fight the charges, which may include a motion to suppress evidence.

Alternative sentencing that allows you to avoid incarceration is sometimes available in California cocaine cases. Alternative sentencing options may include a deferred entry of judgment (DEJ), Proposition 36, or drug court. An evaluation by a skilled substance abuse expert may help to persuade the court that alternative sentencing is appropriate.

A California cocaine conviction carries extremely harsh punishment, but it’s possible to fight the charges. A knowledgeable California drug lawyer from The Kavinoky Law Firm will fight to minimize or even eliminate the consequences of a cocaine charge. Please contact a skilled drug defense attorney today at 1.800.NO.CUFFS for a free consultation.

Possession of marijuana for sale

Possession of marijuana for sale

Possessing marijuana for sale, as apposed to simple possession of marijuana, in California is a straight felony offense, punishable by sixteen months or two or three years in the state prison, whereas simple possession may be prosecuted as a misdemeanor, depending on the quantity possessed. An individual convicted of possessing marijuana with the intent to sell it not only faces prison time, but faces a host of additional penalties as well, including probation and heavy fines. An experienced criminal defense lawyer who specializes in California’s drug crime laws and who has mastered the defenses available to this crime is the key to beating this charge.

An individual who is found possessing a large amount of marijuana drugs will likely be charged with possession for sale and, depending on the circumstances, may be charged with simple possession as well. Whether the accused actually sold any marijuana may not even be relevant to the case, as the police aren’t required to prove that the accused sold any drugs, only that he or she had the intent to sell the drugs. Although the accused must have had either the specific intent to sell the drug personally or the specific intent that someone else would sell the drug to be convicted of possession with the intent to sell, this intent may be proven through circumstantial evidence (that is, evidence that isn’t directly observed but is inferred from events or circumstances that surround it). In order to establish that the accused not only possessed the marijuana but also had the intent to sell the drug, law enforcement officials and the prosecution will address factors such as the amount of cash that the accused possessed (especially if there were many smaller bills), any “baggies” that the accused possessed (either with or without marijuana in them), any scales that the accused possessed, whether they found any drug paraphernalia (which might indicate personal use rather than possession with the intent to sell), where the drugs were found, any address books or client lists that the accused possessed and the location from which the accused was arrested. In addition, the prosecutor on the case will likely call the arresting officer to testify. He or she will be classified as an “expert” in the field and will therefore be entitled to testify that, based on his or her training and experience as an expert in drug crimes, he or she believed that the accused had the intent to sell the marijuana that he or she possessed. Clearly, only a seasoned criminal attorney who specializes in this specific area of the law would know which defenses to argue to help persuade a judge and jury that this type of evidence isn’t as black and white as it appears.

If the individual accused is convicted, he or she, in addition to serving prison time, may face a maximum $20,000 fine for each offense that is proven against him or her. If the accused is convicted and has a prior conviction for any offense involving marijuana or any offense involving opiates, opium derivatives, certain hallucinogenic drugs or certain other drugs, he or she will not be granted probation nor will he or she be able to have his or her sentence suspended.

Possession of marijuana for sale is a serious offense with serious consequences. The exceptional attorneys at The Kavinoky Law Firm will employ several defenses which may result in an “intent to sell” charge being reduced to a simple possession charge – a charge with much less severe penalties. They have law offices located throughout California, including several in Los Angeles, allowing them to provide their unsurpassed services to anyone in need of an experienced California drug crime defense attorney. To secure the best representation from a firm who knows how to effectively defend against California marijuana charges, contact The Kavinoky Firm today for a free consultation.

Personal possession of marijuana – insufficient quantity or use

Personal possession of marijuana – insufficient quantity or use

Personal possession of marijuana will be prosecuted as a misdemeanor when the accused possesses less than one ounce of marijuana and may be prosecuted as either a misdemeanor or as a felony when the accused possesses any amount of concentrated cannabis. When charged with this offense, it is vital that the accused hires a skilled criminal defense lawyer who regularly defends California drug crimes who knows how to prepare a defense that is specific to the facts of the defendant’s case.

Insufficient quantity or use is one of the defenses that may be applicable to this charge. Because this offense is typically charged against an individual who possesses relatively small amounts of marijuana – an individual possessing large quantities of the drug will usually be charged with possession of marijuana for sale, which is a much more severe crime – there may not even be enough of the drug to withstand a criminal prosecution. Although many believe that possession of any marijuana is a crime, the fact is that there are instances where that may not be the case, due to an insufficient quantity (for example, marijuana traces or residue) or due to an insufficient use (the marijuana has no narcotic value). An inexperienced attorney may not know about these exceptions, which is another reason why it is so important to hire an attorney who specializes in this area of the law.

Insufficient quantity, obviously, refers to the amount of the possessed marijuana. California courts have decided that the laws against marijuana possession don’t include useless traces or residue of the drug, ruling that such a minute amount is useless for either sale or personal consumption of the drug. The objective of punishing an individual for possession is to punish him or her for a potential future use or sale, so the discovery of only a trace of marijuana is without legal significance. It should be noted, however, that such evidence may be used to bolster another type of narcotics charge, but will not, in and of itself, be sufficient to sustain a conviction for a personal possession charge

Insufficient use refers to the “usability” of the marijuana and may be a defense to this charge if the discovered marijuana can’t be used for its narcotic effect. The California courts have ruled that, for example, burned, charred marijuana seeds would be useless for either a toxic effect or for cultivating marijuana plants and therefore cannot be used as the basis for a possession conviction. Similarly, the courts have held that where the marijuana has been altered to the point where it can’t be used as a narcotic nor converted to a usable form to produce a narcotic effect, a conviction would not be legal. Such was the case when police discovered marijuana soaking in alcohol in a defendant’s home and arrested the defendant for possession. The court held that because the marijuana could no longer be used as a drug, nor converted back to its original form to be used as a drug and that soaking marijuana in alcohol was a remedy typically used by persons of Mexican descent for arthritis or rheumatism, an invalid arrest had been made.

The bottom line is that an experienced criminal attorney knows that a personal possession charge cannot be based on possession of marijuana that is so limited in quantity or so altered in form that it is useless for narcotic purposes. The outstanding attorneys at The Kavinoky Law Firm understand this and, just as importantly, know how to explain this defense to a judge and jury so that they, too, understand its significance. Because they stay on top of California’s drug laws and court rulings, they always know the latest evidentiary rulings and issues that may be applicable to their clients’ cases. For more information about this or any other defenses that are applicable to a personal possession charge, contact The Kavinoky Law Firm today for a free consultation and for the best representation.

Asset Forfeiture in a Drug Case

The law of forfeiture is complex, and is rooted in ancient theories about property itself being “guilty.” Due to these odd theories, modern forfeiture laws make it fairly simple for the government to go after someone’s assets. One need not be convicted or charged with a crime before his or her property is seized and forfeited. In situations involving drugs all the government needs to do is provide some reasonable connection between the money and the drugs.

It takes an experienced lawyer to handle a forfeiture case. Forfeiture cases involve the ability to trace a connection between money and an illegal substance. It cannot always be certain that there is a connection, but often it is not difficult to come up with one that sounds reasonable. It takes true skill and sophistication to defeat the government’s attempt to force forfeiture.

There are many items that are eligible for forfeiture. The long and extensive list includes any cars, boats, airplanes, or other vehicle which is used or intended for use, as a container of any illegal substances or equipment, and raw material used in the making of the illegal substances. Of course, the illegal substances and the raw material required for their production are also subject to forfeiture.

In the area of drug-dealing, if the government believes that your car, boat, or airplane was used to facilitate the manufacture of, possession for sale, or sale of specific amounts of different drugs, that vehicle will be seized and forfeited. The laws are harsh, but they can be fought with some hard work by a qualified attorney.

All books, records, research products and materials, and any tapes or data, and devices that contain data that were used or intended for use in connection with the illegal substances may be seized.

All money, stocks, or any other thing of value that is furnished or intended to be furnished, by any person in exchange for controlled substances may be seized. These things may be seized so long as they can be traced back to an exchange for controlled substances.

Real property, including houses, is also subject to forfeiture. But, because more than one person generally lives in a house, the property will not be seized for forfeiture if it is used as a family residence or for another lawful purpose. Also, if two or more individuals own a home, so long as one of the individuals had no knowledge of the criminal activity, the property will not be forfeited.

To protect your property rights, it is best to get in touch with an experienced attorney as soon as you have knowledge of any investigative actions concerning your property. The process for forfeiture can begin before criminal charges are even filed against you. Act fast to try to save yourself from having to file appeals which can take years. The knowledgeable criminal defense lawyers of the Kavinoky Law Firm are unsurpassed in achieving the best possible results for their clients. Call them today for a free consultation.

San Francisco County Drug Charge

San Francisco County Drug Charge

A San Francisco County drug conviction carries extremely harsh punishment that often includes fines, asset forfeiture, registration as a narcotics offender and jail or prison time, so it’s essential that you act decisively by assembling a strong defense team.

If you’ve been arrested on a San Francisco County drug charge, you’re certainly not alone. Fortunately, it’s possible to mount an aggressive defense to a San Francisco County drug charge with the help of a skilled criminal defense lawyer. Our San Francisco County drug defense attorneys are well-versed in every aspect of fighting drug charges, and will thoroughly review the evidence in your drug case and develop a cutting-edge strategy to fight the charges.

Though drug laws are similar throughout California, there are different nuances within counties, court houses, and judges that may be used in your favor. Our team approach ensures that every drug case is managed by an entire team of local and knowledgeable San Francisco County attorneys. We will take care of everything.

Whether your San Francisco County drug charge is possession, sales or any other charge involving methamphetamine, powder cocaine, crack or base cocaine, heroin, marijuana, or PCP, it’s possible to mount a strong defense with the help of the right defense lawyer.

Some San Francisco County drug cases should be taken to trial, while others may be favorably resolved with a skillfully negotiated plea bargain that may result in alternative sentencing. Some forms of alternative sentencing that may be available to help you avoid incarceration in a San Francisco County drug case include deferred entry of judgment (DEJ), Proposition 36, and drug court.

A San Francisco County drug charge can negatively impact every part of your life, but fortunately you can aggressively fight your case with the help of a skilled attorney. If you’ve already been convicted of a drug charge, find out how we can get your criminal record expunged, so you that you may move on with your life without a blemish on your records. To learn more about strong defenses to felony drug charges, please contact an experienced San Francisco County defense attorney from The Kavinoky Law Firm today at 1.800.662.8337 for a free consultation.

Our San Francisco Office:
San Francisco

 

 

We proudly cover these areas of Greater San Francisco County:
Bayview District, Chinatown, Fort McDowell, Fort Winfield Scott, Ingleside, Marina District, Mission District, North Beach, Potrero District, Richmond District, San Francisco, Sunset District, Western Addition, Amanico Ergina Village, Banneker Homes, Bayside Village, Diamond Heights Village, Doelger City, Eldton, Forest Hill, Forest Knolls, Frederick Douglass Haynes Gardens, Friendship Village, Glenridge, Gold Mine Hill, Golden Gate Heights, Haight-Ashbury, Ingleside Heights, Ingleside Terrace, Jordan Park, Laguna Heights, Little Italy, Little Osaka, Loren Miller Homes, Malcolm X Square, Marcus Garvey Square, Martin Luther King Square, Merced Heights, Merced Manor, North Point Public Housing, Oceanview, Opera Plaza, Pacific Heights, Park Merced, Park View Commons, Presidio Terrace, Saint Francis Square, Saint Francis Wood, Seacliff, Sherwood Forest, Silver Terrace, Stonestown, Thomas Paine Square, Valencia Gardens, Victoria Mews, Village Square, Vista Del Monte, West Portal.

Orange County Drug Charge

Orange County Drug Charge Extremely harsh punishment that often includes fines, asset forfeiture, registration as a narcotics offender and jail or prison time, so it’s essential that you act decisively by assembling a strong defense team.

If you’ve been arrested on an Orange County drug charge, you’re certainly not alone. Fortunately, it’s possible to mount an aggressive defense to an Orange County drug charge with the help of a skilled criminal defense lawyer. Our Orange County drug defense attorneys are well-versed in every aspect of fighting drug charges, and will thoroughly review the evidence in your drug case and develop a cutting-edge strategy to fight the charges.

Though drug laws are similar throughout California, there are different nuances within counties, court houses, and judges that may be used in your favor. Our team approach ensures that every drug case is managed by an entire team of local and knowledgeable Orange County attorneys. We will take care of everything.

Whether your Orange County drug charge is possession, sales or any other charge involving methamphetamine, powder cocaine, crack or base cocaine, heroin, marijuana, or PCP, it’s possible to mount a strong defense with the help of the right defense lawyer.

Some Orange County drug cases should be taken to trial, while others may be favorably resolved with a skillfully negotiated plea bargain that may result in alternative sentencing. Some forms of alternative sentencing that may be available to help you avoid incarceration in an Orange County drug case include deferred entry of judgment (DEJ), Proposition 36, and drug court.

An Orange County drug charge can negatively impact every part of your life, but fortunately you can aggressively fight your case with the help of a skilled attorney. If you’ve already been convicted of a drug charge, find out how we can get your criminal record expunged, so you that you may move on with your life without a blemish on your records. To learn more about strong defenses to felony drug charges, please contact an experienced Orange County defense attorney from The Kavinoky Law Firm today at 1.800.662.8337 for a free consultation.

Our Orange County Offices:
Newport Beach

 

 

We proudly cover these areas of Greater Orange County:
Aliso Viejo, Anaheim, Brea, Buena Park, Costa Mesa, Cypress, Dana Point, Fountain Valley, Fullerton, Garden Grove, Huntington Beach, Irvine, La Habra, La Palma, Laguna Beach, Laguna Hills, Laguna Niguel, Laguna Woods, Lake Forest, Los Alamitos, Mission Viejo, Newport Beach, Orange, Placentia, Rancho Santa Margarita, San Clemente, San Juan Capistrano, Seal Beach, Stanton, Tustin, Villa Park, Westminster, Yorba Linda.

 

Riverside County Drug Charge

Riverside County Drug Charge

A Riverside County drug conviction carries extremely harsh punishment that often includes fines, asset forfeiture, registration as a narcotics offender and jail or prison time, so it’s essential that you act decisively by assembling a strong defense team.

If you’ve been arrested on a Riverside County drug charge, you’re certainly not alone. Fortunately, it’s possible to mount an aggressive defense to a Riverside County drug charge with the help of a skilled criminal defense lawyer. Our Riverside County drug defense attorneys are well-versed in every aspect of fighting drug charges, and will thoroughly review the evidence in your drug case and develop a cutting-edge strategy to fight the charges.

Though drug laws are similar throughout California, there are different nuances within counties, court houses, and judges that may be used in your favor. Our team approach ensures that every drug case is managed by an entire team of local and knowledgeable Riverside County attorneys. We will take care of everything.

Whether your Riverside County drug charge is possession, sales or any other charge involving methamphetamine, powder cocaine, crack or base cocaine, heroin, marijuana, or PCP, it’s possible to mount a strong defense with the help of the right defense lawyer.

Some Riverside County drug cases should be taken to trial, while others may be favorably resolved with a skillfully negotiated plea bargain that may result in alternative sentencing. Some forms of alternative sentencing that may be available to help you avoid incarceration in a Riverside County drug case include deferred entry of judgment (DEJ), Proposition 36, and drug court.

A Riverside County drug charge can negatively impact every part of your life, but fortunately you can aggressively fight your case with the help of a skilled attorney. If you’ve already been convicted of a drug charge, find out how we can get your criminal record expunged, so you that you may move on with your life without a blemish on your records. To learn more about strong defenses to felony drug charges, please contact an experienced Riverside County defense attorney from The Kavinoky Law Firm today at 1.800.662.8337 for a free consultation.

Our Riverside Office:
Riverside

 

 

We proudly cover these areas of Greater Riverside County:
Carlsbad, Chula Vista, Coronado, Del Mar, El Cajon, Encinitas (Cardiff-by-the-Sea, Leucadia, Olivenhain), Escondido, Imperial Beach, La Mesa, Lemon Grove, National City, Oceanside (San Luis Rey), Poway, Riverside, San Marcos, Santee, Solana Beach, Vista, 4S Ranch, Agua Caliente Springs, Alpine, Barrett, Blossom Valley, Bonita, Bonsall, Borrego Springs, Bostonia, Boulevard, Camp Pendleton North, Camp Pendleton South, Campo, Canebrake, Casa de Oro-Mount Helix, Crest, Cuyamaca, Dehesa, Del Dios, De Luz, Descanso, Dulzura, Eucalyptus Hills, Fairbanks Ranch, Fallbrook, Fernbrook, Flinn Springs, Granite Hills, Guatay, Harbison Canyon, Hidden Meadows, Jacumba, Jamul, Julian, La Presa, Lake Morena, Lake San Marcos, Lakeside, Lincoln Acres, Live Oak Springs, Manzanita, Mount Laguna, Pine Hills, Pine Valley, Potrero, Pueblo Siding, Rainbow, Ramona, Ranchita, Rancho Riverside, Rancho Santa Fe, Rincon, Riverside Country Estates, San Elijo Hills, Santa Ysabel, Shelter Valley, Spring Valley, Tecate, Tierra del Sol, Valley Center, Vallecitos, Warner Springs, Winter Gardens.
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